The William Blake Notebook - Letter m (N64) ±1800.
Erte Letter "A" 1928, Serigraph 1976.
Narbut, Hryhorij. Abetka, Letter "M": Illustration
Ukrainian Alphabet book. 1917
The William Blake Notebook - Letter y (N74) ±1800.
Erte Letter "Z" 1928, Serigraph 1976.
J, V, P, I, and E from various
- Jeremiah forms the
letter “J”, Prologue to The Book of Haggai, 13th-C France.
- The initial “V” for verbum of two interlocking figures,
The Book of Zephaniah, 13th-C French Bible.
- 12th-C Josephus’ Antiquity of the Jews uses a
figurative letter “P”.
- “I” for In Anno, formed by a scribe holding a scroll, The Book of Ezra in the c.1109
Bible of Citeau.
- 8th-C Sacramentary of Gellone includes this initial
“E” for ecclesia.
Francesco Cangiullo, "Letter V" - Ardengo Soffici,
Caffè Concerto - Alfabeto a Sorpresa
BIF¤ZF + 18.
(Café-Chantant - Unexpected Alphabet), Simultaneità
e Chimismi 1919.
Lirici (BIF¤ZF + 18.
Simultaneity and Lyric Alchemies), 1915.
Peter Flötner, Anthropomorphic
Alphabet, Germany,± 1540.
See Salvador Dalí, 1931,‘Paul e Gala’, France.
Guiseppe Mitelli, 1683, The Dream Alphabet (allegorical letter
F for Fortuna, D for Diligenza, C, X.
Elaine L. Downing, ABC. 1998.
An accordion book made of one sheet of Mohawk Superfine cover
stock, which when folded includes it’s own covers. Edition of 6.
languages with under 50 speakers
46 languages with one surviving speaker
large numbers of languages are those with the most forests, are
nearer the tropics and with mountain ranges. The same factors
affect the number of bird species. Over the past 500 years,
language extinction has run at twice the rate of bird or animal
species, around 5% vs. 1-2% for life forms. . .
52 of 176 Native American languages and
31 of 235 Aboriginal languages have become extinct in the past 500
Only 200 to 250 of today's 6,800
are spoken by more than a million people.
Nature v.423 (15 May 2003)
Language Census 1999*
Society Voices of the World,1999.
estimates from U.S. Census Bureau, World Vital Events Growth rate
The number of a man
The world population
in 2003 is
Here is wisdom. Let
him that hath understanding count the number of the beast: for it
is the number of a man and his number is Six hundred threescore
and six (666).
John. Revelations 13:18 (King James Version)
in 2008 is
Midyear Population Estimates from U.S. Census Bureau, World Vital
Events, Growth Rate of 1.1%
Of approximately 6000
90 % will be extinct
by the end of the 21st century.
Michael Glier, The Alphabet of Lili - Q Robert Cottingham, "J":
(Q. Do you still love me) 1991. An
American Alphabet, 1997
The William Blake Notebook -
Studies for Letters p,h,x,s,a (N75) ±1800.
F.T. Marinetti, Book Page, Les mots en liberté
futuristes (The Futurist words-in-freedom), 1919.
Tom Philips, Painting,
The Cloak of Mercury, 1991.
"An interlacing maze of marks from which all the
configurations of alphabet can be derived and to which in the end
they will return."
Unknown, Pastimes at Home and School: A Practical Manual of Delsarte Exercises and Elocution (Chicago: W.B. Conkey Co.,) 1897 (showing attack,
horror and flight).
Bacon's Biliteral Cipher
(A Five-bit Code using two characters a / b )
The Biliteral Alphabet
The Key to the Biliteral Cipher
Francis Bacon, De Augmentis Scientiarum, 16th-C.
Johnson, "A" from Alphabet City
(Viking Press) 1995.